Climate is the average weather conditions of the atmosphere for a given place over a given time period or can be considered as the synthesis or summary of the long-term manifestation of the weather such as measured over a 30-year period (recommendation by WMO, 2020). Climate comes from the Greek word "klima" meaning inclination or slope and emphasizes the importance of the sun's influence on the climate as observed throughout history. Climate Change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g. by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forces such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions and persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use. Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an approach that helps to guide actions needed to transform and reorient agricultural systems to effectively support development and ensure food security in a changing climate. CSA aims to tackle three main objectives: sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes, adapting and building resilience to climate change, and reducing and/or removing greenhouse gas emissions, where possible. 


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