Vegetables are grown all over
the world, in varying degrees of suitability depending on the global climate.
As a result of global agricultural trade, it is now possible to buy vegetables
grown hundreds of kilometres away, ranging from subsistence farmers supplying
their family's food needs to agribusinesses with large acreages of
single-product crops. Grading, storing, processing, and marketing are common
steps after harvesting a crop. Raw vegetables are an important part of human
nutrition because they are high in vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibre while being low in fat and
carbohydrates. Many nutritionists advise people to eat five or more servings of
fruits and vegetables per day. However, these crops are sensitive to the impact
of climate change, such as drought, heatwaves, hail, pest and diseases, etc.,
and using climate-smart technology can reduce the impact when cultivating them. This concept does not provide a
prescriptive plan of action. There is no universal formula that can be applied
to every situation. Mulching, intercropping, conservation agriculture, crop
rotation, integrated crop-livestock management, agroforestry, improved grazing,
and improved water management will all play a role in the transition to
climate-smart vegetable production systems, as will innovative practices such
as better weather forecasting, more resilient food crops, and risk insurance.
These mechanisms will need to accommodate local, regional, and global
conditions, and they may vary greatly from farmer to farmer. As a result, this manual will
provide solutions that can be tailored to various crop systems. It approaches
the subject from a technical standpoint, such as research outputs. Definitions
for technical terms are provided in some cases.