Aquaculture is world's fastest-growing food production sector and is believed to be an important global food production system that is capable or has a potential of fighting poverty and malnutrition. Despite the phenomenal growth in global aquaculture, South Africa's contribution has remained disconcertingly low, which calls for more research and development in improving and promoting aquaculture in the country. The Aquaculture Strategy sets out to:
Develop transferable technology enabling producers to be profitable,
Disseminate relevant educational materials to achieve profitable margins of operation,
Provide demonstrations and regular aquaculture advisory services,
Engaging in research partnerships between industry, universities, and public agencies, and
Fostering open dialogue and networking among aquaculture community
The Agricultural Research Council aim
to enhance aquaculture through research,
development and technology transfer by building a sustainable aquaculture
community in partnership with all stakeholder including producers, processors,
communities, universities, and public agencies.
Development of aqua feeds and feeding
management practices to improve the growth, development, and nutrition of
cultivated aquatic organisms.
Investigation into feed ingredients as
alternatives to fish-based ingredients to reduce the dependence on marine
protein in aquaculture diet.
2. Selective breeding and genetics
ARC initiated a bilateral collaboration
between China and South Africa on genetic improvement of tilapia for
sustainable aquaculture development. The initiative includes development of a
selective breeding research facility. Aims of the initiative include:
SA-China Bilateral Collaboration workshop at ARCExchange
visit in China
SA-China Bilateral Collaboration workshop at ARC
visit in China
4. Aquaculture Farming Systems and Environments, Aquaponics
Development of home-based (backyard) aquaponics systems for food security in collaboration with North West Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development
Development of tank culture of fresh water crayfish Cherax cainii (Marron)
Testing high-value species in aquaponics, including essential oil and medicinal plants
5. Aquaculture Health and Veterinary Services
Develop and disseminate guidelines for fish health management.
Develop a fish disease risk profile.
Develop aquaculture risk management plan as part of environmentally friendly fish farming systems for the improvement of sustainable rural livelihood
6. Harvest Tools, Technologies and Economics as well as Marketing
Increase the supply of nutritious, locally available farmed aquaculture products that are affordable and meet the highest food standards of safety, wholesomeness, and nutritional value.
Improve understanding of the factors and attributes that drive consumer preferences and choices for aquaculture foods to align new products to consumer preferences from farms to the markets.
Develop innovative methods, technologies, and approaches to improve product processing, shelf-life, and packaging that promote human safety and product quality.
Use taste panels to improve Consumer behaviour.
Develop analytical methods for affordable rapid detection of microbial and biological toxins, chemical residues, and human pathogens of highest concern for farm-raised products.
DST funded project of developing economic and business modelling tools, selecting and evaluating of appropriate catalytic aquaculture project for local innovation capacity building interventions.
PhD-research project on: Development of tools to assist small-scale tilapia aquaculture farming in Limpopo.
Sending MSc students to China in collaboration with FFRC and DAFF
Training exchange in China in collaboration with DAFF
Field visit in Wuxi
Mari-culture training at Xiaman
ARC-DST Project Site Visits
Aquaculture innovation for local economic development
* Introduction to Aquaculture
* Water quality
* Fish biology
* Freshwater species introduction
* Fish Nutrition
* Production systems and design
* Fish breeding and rearing
* Basic Economics of Aquaculture
* Tools for Aquaculture
* Fish handling, harvesting, transportation and Record keeping
* Fish diseases
* Introduction to aquaponics
* Understanding aquaponics
* Water quality in aquaponics
* Design of aquaponics units
* Bacteria in aquaponics
* Plants in aquaponics
* Fish in aquaponics
* Management and troubleshooting
* Economics of aquaponics
Aquaponics System Construction
Demonstration of fish dissection
University of KwaZulu-Natal; Rhodes
University, Witwatersrand University; University of South Africa, Stellenbosch
University and University of Limpopo.
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