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CSA Fruit Trees and Vegetable Crops Module
Date Required Field Date
1. Which of these gases contribute to the greenhouse effect?
1. Carbon dioxide
4. Nitrous oxide
2. Which of the following agricultural practices are major contributors to climate change?
1. Use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides & fertilizers
2. Beef & dairy production
3. No till systems
5. Conservation agricultural techniques
3. Which of the following can negatively influence crop production?
A. 1. Extreme events such as floods & drought
2. Rain quantity and distribution & consequently water availability
3. Development of resilient cultivars
4. Increased pest infections
4. Climate change is only affecting large commercial farmers
5. Regenerative agriculture practices like minimum or no tillage, crop rotation, and cover cropping increase soil biodiversity and organic matter, leading to more resilient soils that can?
1. Better withstand climate change impacts like flooding and drought.
2. Deliver stronger yields and nutrient-rich crops
3. Diminish erosion and runoff, leading to improved water quality
4. All of the above
6. Select the aspects below that can be considered a climate smart agricultural practice?
1. Intensify use of existing agricultural areas
2. Expand agricultural area through deforestation
3. Use energy-efficient methods, such as solar power and biofuels
4. Control pests and weeds using integrated management approaches
5. Diversify production and marketing
6. Use farm machinery that usually relies on fossil fuels
7. Which of the following is NOT a farming method that is used to make agriculture sustainable?
1. Conserving water
2. Limiting fertilizer use
3. Limiting pesticide use
4. Growing one type of crop
8. Which of the following is an environmental benefit of sustainable agriculture?
1. More fossil fuel use
2. Soil quality is maintained
3. Increase in erosion
4. Decreased biodiversity
9. All of the following are adaptive strategies to cope with climate change except?
1. Increase use of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides
2. Use of energy efficient methods and equipment
3. Integrating livestock with crop production systems
4. Restore, conserve and use natural resources sustainably
10. The following human activities produce greenhouse gases except?
1. Driving cars
2. Animal agriculture
3. Walking, biking, & swimming
4. Generating electricity from natural gas, oil, & coal
11. Climate Smart Agriculture is based on which of the following principles?
1. Mitigation – reducing greenhouse gas emissions
2. Deforestation – to increase land under cultivation
3. Increasing or maintaining agricultural productivity
4. Adaptation and building resilience
5. Additional use of chemical fertilizers
12. The major reasons for multiple cropping are?
1. Weed control
2. To minimize soil erosion
3. To maintain long term sustainability
4. To save water
13. How can trees play a role in mitigating climate change challenges?
1. Release oxygen into the atmosphere
2. Can be planted as part of an integrated farming system
3. Absorb carbon dioxide
4. Assist in improving soil and water conservation
5. All of the above
14. Advantages of mulching include which of the following?
1. Reduces evaporation and moisture loss from the soil
2. Provides shelter foe certain insects
3. Encourages favourable soil microbial activity
4. Can sometimes cause nitrogen starvation
5. Suppresses weed growth
15. What is rainwater harvesting?
A. Soil water conservation
B. Deficit irrigation
C. Collection and concentration of runoff from rainwater
D. Rainfall utilization
16. What is rainwater harvesting used for?
A. Crop production
C. Domestic use
D. All options
17. Mention three rainwater harvesting techniques
A. Organic manure, NPK fertilizer&Deficit irrigation
B. Tied ridging, In-field rainwater harvesting&Small pits
C.Changes in rainfall pattern, Variation in temperature&Changes in water availability
D. Ploughing, Rotovation&Mulching
18. Mention four logic steps to follow in the design of a rainwater harvesting system
A. Deep cultivation, Construction of the rainwater harvesting technique,Compaction of the catchment area&Planting
B. Compaction of the catchment area, Deep cultivation, Construction of the rainwater harvesting technique&Planting
C. Deep cultivation, Compaction of the catchment area, Planting&Construction of the rainwater harvesting technique
D. Construction of the rainwater harvesting technique, Deep cultivation, Planting&Compaction of the catchment area
19. Which type of roof is expected to collect the lowest runoff amount?
A. Organic (e.g. thatched)
B. Flat cement roof
C. Aluminium sheets
D. Galvanised iron sheets
20. What material is NOT needed to establish a bag system vegetable garden?
A. Open area (a soil surface, a gravelled surface, concrete paving’s, or slabs)
B. Woven polypropylene bags or empty maize-meal bags
C. Wire for supporting the bag
D. Watering Can
E. Soluble fertilizer (e.g. multifeed)
21. What are the advantages or benefits of the bag system?
A. It conserves water
B. No to minimum weed control is needed
C. Requires less area to optimize yield per unit area
D. Leaves are free from soil particles
E. All options
22. Which material/s can be used for mulching?
B. Straw and/or hay
C. Black plastic
D. Crushed stone
E. All options
23. When collecting grass from veld for mulching, avoid grass with?
B. Soil particles
D. Rotten wood
E. None of the options
24. Climate smart crop production is an approach for?
A. Sustainable agriculture
B. Conservation of natural resources
C. Improved crop production under changing environmental conditions
D. Adaptation and mitigation of climate change effects
E. All options
25. What causes climate change?
A. Human activity that alters the natural environment
B. Pests and diseases
C. Poor market access and income generation
D. Depleted natural resources
E. None of the options
26. Climate change effects are reflected by?
A. Increased extreme temperatures
B. Changes in water availability
C. Changes in rainfall pattern
D. Global warming
E. All options
27. Climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in crop production include?
A. Rainwater harvesting
B. Soil water conservation
C. Conservation agriculture
D. Use of renewable energy,
E. All options