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1. Name:

 Test_Lerato
 (2%) 
 
 Testing 2 Muller
 (2%) 
 
 Testing Lerato
 (2%) 
 
 Nwabisa Masekwana
 (2%) 
 
 Pertunia Mogogana
 (2%) 
 
 Makatisa Babalwa E
 (2%) 
 
 Andrew Ebopang
 (2%) 
 
 Justin Thembile Mkukwana
 (2%) 
 
 Phindile Qomfo
 (2%) 
 
 Theko Ngejane
 (2%) 
 
 Sakhiwo Ronorono
 (2%) 
 
 Mabutyana Bayanda
 (2%) 
 
 Sipho M Zulu
 (2%) 
 
 Minenkulu Pangabantu
 (2%) 
 
 Molefe Nikotima Benjamin
 (2%) 
 
 Deviking James Ngobeni
 (2%) 
 
 Sandi Sydwell Yeko
 (2%) 
 
 Mapula Mabilo
 (2%) 
 
 Mantlele Shaku
 (2%) 
 
 Bridgette Gontsejalo Majatladi
 (2%) 
 
 Tiisetso Ramesega
 (2%) 
 
 Kabelo Mkwanazi
 (2%) 
 
 Mathanya Matome Michael
 (2%) 
 
 Tebesi David Makabanyane
 (2%) 
 
 Mmanthimi Jacobeth Maemane
 (2%) 
 
 Mokgope P.K
 (2%) 
 
 Simon Itumeleng Molotsane
 (2%) 
 
 Mokgatsana mudzielwana
 (2%) 
 
 Maleepile Makololo
 (2%) 
 
 REBOTILE DELCIA MAGOLEA
 (2%) 
 
 Maja MM
 (2%) 
 
 Choshi Noko Eunice
 (2%) 
 
 katlego sylvester Makgala
 (2%) 
 
 Samkelisiwe Good-Enough Boyce
 (2%) 
 
 Matshidisho Maja
 (2%) 
 
 Monosi Dsniel Molemo
 (2%) 
 
 Molosi Mathemba Kwezi
 (2%) 
 
 Meadow Nkgothwe
 (2%) 
 
 Molebogeng Moamogoa
 (2%) 
 
 Kenneth Pele
 (2%) 
 
 Sifo Nomnyaka
 (2%) 
 
 Nthabeleng Phethoha
 (2%) 
 
 THABISO MOLOPE
 (2%) 
 
 Kilo Mokgatlhe
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

2. Date

 7/15/2021
 (5%) 
 
 7/16/2021
 38 (86%) 
 
 7/11/2021
 (2%) 
 
 7/25/2021
 (2%) 
 
 7/26/2021
 (2%) 
 
 9/6/2021
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

3. ID Number:

 150721
 (2%) 
 
 8901195130084
 (2%) 
 
 160721
 (2%) 
 
 7910060357087
 (2%) 
 
 8807030430086
 (2%) 
 
 8903100967089
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 6812156173082
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 6501126081083
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 7810015371086
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 6612065839082
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 (2%) 
 
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 7709220431083
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 8104275602086
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 8601235993083
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 6203126216088
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 8601110499081
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 8012230518083
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 8612135357089
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 8703160949088
 (2%) 
 
 8706095729087
 (2%) 
 
 8012080529081
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 7701160226086
 (2%) 
 
 8107070530089
 (2%) 
 
 9008016135083
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 6709275833085
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 7902200338085
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 6802175744088
 (2%) 
 
 8502065477082
 (2%) 
 
 7706100788087
 (2%) 
 
 8804160268089
 (2%) 
 
 7709145613088
 (2%) 
 
 7009151275082
 (2%) 
 
 7307300722081
 (2%) 
 
 7207275970089
 (2%) 
 
 760109572p080
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

4. Workplace:

 ARC CO
 (2%) 
 
 ARC
 (5%) 
 
 Arc co
 (2%) 
 
 North West
 (7%) 
 
 EC-DRDAR-Maluti
 (2%) 
 
 NW DrRSM
 (2%) 
 
 EC-Alfred Nzo-Ntabankulu
 (2%) 
 
 Drdar - Eastern Cape, O.R. Tambo,Ngqeleni
 (2%) 
 
 Qumbu
 (2%) 
 
 EC Dept of Rural Development and Agrarian Reform
 (2%) 
 
 Matatiele, Department of Rural Development & Agrarian Reform, Eastern Cape
 (2%) 
 
 Mount Ayliff
 (2%) 
 
 NYANDENI LM (LIBODE SUB-DISTRICT) O.R TAMBO E. CAPE
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo department of agriculture: Mokopane
 (2%) 
 
 Nyandeni LM ,Libode- O.R.Tambo
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo Department of Agriculture
 (2%) 
 
 waterberg district, lephalale
 (2%) 
 
 Bojanala North west
 (2%) 
 
 North West Ramotshere Moiloa LAO
 (2%) 
 
 DARD NW JB Marks Potchefstroom
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo,Capricorn District,Polokwane Municipality
 (2%) 
 
 dard Nw
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo
 (2%) 
 
 DARD BOJANALA
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo, mopani district, Greater giyani
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo molemole municipality
 (2%) 
 
 LIMPOPO SEKHUKHUNE DISTRICT
 (2%) 
 
 LIMPOPO
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo Province Capricorn District
 (2%) 
 
 DR kenneth kaunda Ventersdorp LAO North west
 (2%) 
 
 Alfred Nzo Mount Frere
 (2%) 
 
 Limpopo Province, Mopani District
 (2%) 
 
 North West- Bojanala
 (2%) 
 
 Eastern Cape
 (2%) 
 
 North west
 (2%) 
 
 North West, Dr. RSM District, Mamusa Municipality
 (2%) 
 
 DrRSM/Taung LAO
 (2%) 
 
 Alfred Nzo, Umzimvubu, Mt Frere
 (2%) 
 
 Mt fletcher
 (2%) 
 
 NORTH WEST MADIBENG
 (2%) 
 
 Ramotshere Moiloa North West
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

5. 1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?

 a) Determine grazing capacity
 (18%) 
 
 b) Stock appropriately
 (5%) 
 
 c) Improve veld condition
 (5%) 
 
 d) All
 32 (73%) 
 

Total: 44

6. 2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming

 True
 44 (100%)  
 False
 (0%)  

Total: 44

7. 3. What does veld management principles entail?

 a) Veld condition assessment
 (0%)  
 b) determining grazing capacity and stocking rate
 (14%) 
 
 c) fodder flow
 (2%) 
 
 d) all
 36 (82%) 
 
 a) Veld condition assessment; b) determining grazing capacity and stocking rate; c) fodder flow
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

8. 4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?

 a) Anthropogenic,
 (2%) 
 
 b) climate change
 16 (36%) 
 
 c) All
 26 (59%) 
 
 a) Anthropogenic,; b) climate change
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

9. 5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?

 a) Diet formulation using woody plants
 26 (59%) 
 
 b) chemical treatment
 (20%) 
 
 c) All
 (18%) 
 
 a) Diet formulation using woody plants; b) chemical treatment
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

10. 6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.

 A. Herding
 12 (27%) 
 
 b) Continuous grazing
 (7%) 
 
 c) Rotational grazing
 29 (66%) 
 

Total: 44

11. 7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?

 No
 (5%) 
 
 Yes
 42 (95%) 
 

Total: 44

12. 8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy

 Yes
 (19%) 
 
 No
 (5%) 
 
 It depends on the objective
 32 (76%) 
 

Total: 42

13. 9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?

 a) To plan for seasonal feed shortages
 (5%) 
 
 b) To have contingency plans for extended droughts
 (5%) 
 
 c) To produce or procure additional feed sources
 (0%)  
 d) All of the above
 40 (91%) 
 

Total: 44

14. 10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?

 a) Soil condition and preparation
 (7%) 
 
 b) Choosing the correct cultivar for your conditions
 (5%) 
 
 c) Inoculating seeds with Rhizobium
 (2%) 
 
 d) Having the correct implements and facilities for harvesting and storing of hay
 (0%)  
 e) All of the above
 35 (83%) 
 
 b) Choosing the correct cultivar for your conditions; c) Inoculating seeds with Rhizobium; d) Having the correct implements and facilities for harvesting and storing of hay
 (2%) 
 

Total: 42

15. 11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do

 a) Test all available resources
 (9%) 
 
 b) Find out what is the highest producing forage
 (7%) 
 
 c) Speak to a qualified forage specialist to find out what species and cultivars to use for their specific requirements
 37 (84%) 
 

Total: 44

16. 12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts

 a Hydroponic fodder production
 (11%) 
 
 b Using trees that naturally occur in rangelands
 (9%) 
 
 c Buying supplements and concentrates
 (2%) 
 
 d Buying hay
 (2%) 
 
 e A and B
 20 (45%) 
 
 f C and D
 (9%) 
 
 g All of the above
 (18%) 
 
 a Hydroponic fodder production; c Buying supplements and concentrates; e A and B
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

17. 13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?

 a) Rift valley fever
 (2%) 
 
 b) Anthrax
 (9%) 
 
 c) Brucellosis
 (0%)  
 d) Lumpy skin disease
 (5%) 
 
 e) A and D
 29 (66%) 
 
 f) C and B
 (9%) 
 
 g) None of the above
 (7%) 
 
 a) Rift valley fever; c) Brucellosis; d) Lumpy skin disease; e) A and D; f) C and B
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

18. 14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?

 a) Decrease in mortality rates.
 (2%) 
 
 b) Increase in morbidity rates.
 10 (23%) 
 
 c) Increase in disease reporting.
 11 (25%) 
 
 d) Increase in productivity.
 (2%) 
 
 e) Increase in fertility.
 (2%) 
 
 f) Increase in income.
 (2%) 
 
 g) Decreasing of Greenhouse gas emissions
 18 (41%) 
 
 a) Decrease in mortality rates.; b) Increase in morbidity rates.; c) Increase in disease reporting.; e) Increase in fertility.
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

19. 15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?

 a) All sheep skin diseases
 (11%) 
 
 b) Rabies
 11 (25%) 
 
 c) Tuberculosis
 (5%) 
 
 d) Brucellosis
 (2%) 
 
 e) Anthrax
 (7%) 
 
 f) Bluetongue
 21 (48%) 
 
 a) All sheep skin diseases; c) Tuberculosis; e) Anthrax
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

20. 16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?

 a) Rabies
 (7%) 
 
 b) Orf
 (5%) 
 
 c) Bluetongue
 (0%)  
 d) Rift valley fever
 (2%) 
 
 e) A, B and D
 20 (45%) 
 
 f) A, C and D
 14 (32%) 
 
 g) B, C and A
 (7%) 
 
 a) Rabies; c) Bluetongue; f) A, C and D
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

21. 17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?

 False
 (5%) 
 
 True
 40 (91%) 
 
 None of the above
 (5%) 
 

Total: 44

22. 18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?

 a) True
 43 (98%) 
 
 b) False
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

23. 19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.

 True
 43 (98%) 
 
 False
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

24. 20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?

 a) Better heat tolerance
 22 (50%) 
 
 b) Higher rates of survival on poor fodder
 (20%) 
 
 c) Greater resistance to local pests/diseases
 10 (23%) 
 
 d) Crossbreeding can’t improve cow productivity
 (7%) 
 

Total: 44

25. 21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?

 Importing other breeds
 (5%) 
 
 Cross breeding with indigenous breeds
 38 (88%) 
 
 Having less animals
 (7%) 
 

Total: 43

26. 22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming

 a) Livestock
 (7%) 
 
 b) herbaceous layer
 (11%) 
 
 c) soil
 36 (82%) 
 

Total: 44

27. 23. Climate change is an:

 a) Overtime change rain precipitation.
 (9%) 
 
 b) Change of weather.
 (5%) 
 
 c) Overtime change in climate and it variables.
 38 (86%) 
 

Total: 44

28. 24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

 a) Feed
 (11%) 
 
 b) Disease
 (9%) 
 
 c) Availability of feed and diseases to animal
 35 (80%) 
 

Total: 44

29. 25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

 a) Heat exchange
 (11%) 
 
 b) High temperature, rainfall and radiation.
 28 (64%) 
 
 c) Extreme weather.
 11 (25%) 
 

Total: 44

30. 26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:

 a) C3 need more CO2 than C4 grasses.
 14 (32%) 
 
 b) C3 need less CO2 than C4 plants.
 25 (57%) 
 
 c) C need less heat than C4 pastures.
 (11%) 
 

Total: 44

31. 27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:

 a) Long dry season.
 27 (61%) 
 
 b) Increases an outbreak of severe diseases.
 17 (39%) 
 
 c) Flood changes.
 (0%)  

Total: 44

32. 28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:

 a) Affect the composition of pasture.
 23 (52%) 
 
 b) Positive effect on plants.
 (11%) 
 
 c) Decrease nutrient availability.
 16 (36%) 
 

Total: 44

33. 29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:

 a) 50%
 11 (25%) 
 
 b) 76%
 31 (70%) 
 
 c) 35.7%
 (5%) 
 

Total: 44

34. 30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:

 a) Adapt in feed scarcity period.
 (20%) 
 
 b) Reduce digestive process.
 10 (23%) 
 
 c) Conserve energy resource.
 25 (57%) 
 

Total: 44

35. 31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:

 a) Feed intake
 (11%) 
 
 b) Quality of feed
 34 (77%) 
 
 c) Quantity of feed
 (11%) 
 

Total: 44

36. 32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.

 a) Clean the kraal daily.
 15 (34%) 
 
 b) Keep few number of animals.
 14 (32%) 
 
 c) Use of aerobic digestion.
 15 (34%) 
 

Total: 44

37. 33. Livestock contributes to climate change

 True
 42 (95%) 
 
 False
 (5%) 
 

Total: 44

38. 34. Climate change affects livestock

 a) Directly
 (7%) 
 
 b) Indirectly
 (0%)  
 c) Both
 40 (91%) 
 
 a) Directly; b) Indirectly; c) Both
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

39. 35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems

 a) True
 (11%) 
 
 b) False
 39 (89%) 
 

Total: 44

40. 36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals

 True
 39 (89%) 
 
 False
 (11%) 
 

Total: 44

41. 37. Effects of climate change on livestock

 a) Increased feed intake
 (0%)  
 b) Decreased resistance of livestock
 (7%) 
 
 c) Increased production
 (0%)  
 d) Increased pathogens, parasites and vectors
 (0%)  
 e) New diseases
 (0%)  
 f) Decreased fertility
 (0%)  
 g) B,D, E & F
 40 (91%) 
 
 a) Increased feed intake; b) Decreased resistance of livestock; d) Increased pathogens, parasites and vectors; e) New diseases
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

42. 38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?

 a) Breeding for more productive animals
 (2%) 
 
 b) Use of crossbreeding
 (2%) 
 
 c) Use of AI
 (0%)  
 d) Using adapted breeds
 16 (36%) 
 
 e) Switching of animal species
 (5%) 
 
 f) All of the above
 22 (50%) 
 
 a) Breeding for more productive animals; f) All of the above
 (2%) 
 
 a) Breeding for more productive animals; c) Use of AI; e) Switching of animal species
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

43. 39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective  GHG short term mitigation strategy

 True
 36 (82%) 
 
 False
 (18%) 
 

Total: 44

44. 40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies

 a) During seasons of heat stress, a solution may be to make use of multi-sire breeding and/or to use of bulls from tropical adapted genotypes, to mitigate possible male infertility
 (5%) 
 
 b) Consider feeding alternative feeds, like shredded scrub (boskos).
 (11%) 
 
 c) Occasional access to water
 (2%) 
 
 d) Feeding during day time
 (5%) 
 
 e) A & B
 33 (75%) 
 
 a) During seasons of heat stress, a solution may be to make use of multi-sire breeding and/or to use of bulls from tropical adapted genotypes, to mitigate possible male infertility; c) Occasional access to water
 (2%) 
 

Total: 44

45. 41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy

 True
 34 (77%) 
 
 False
 10 (23%) 
 

Total: 44

46. 42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?

 Planning
 11 (26%) 
 
 Risk Management
 (0%)  
 Monitoring and evaluation
 (0%)  
 A and C
 31 (72%) 
 
 Planning; Risk Management; Monitoring and evaluation
 (2%) 
 

Total: 43

47. 43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?

 Cud length
 (5%) 
 
 Reliable suppliers
 (0%)  
 Breed
 (9%) 
 
 Climate change
 (12%) 
 
 C and D
 31 (72%) 
 
 Cud length; Reliable suppliers; Climate change
 (2%) 
 

Total: 43

48. 44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?

 The animal itself
 31 (72%) 
 
 Day length time
 (16%) 
 
 Fly population
 (12%) 
 

Total: 43

49. 45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?

 Laziness
 22 (51%) 
 
 Reduced water intake
 (2%) 
 
 Poor milk quality
 20 (47%) 
 

Total: 43

50. 46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?

 40%
 (21%) 
 
 20%
 (2%) 
 
 70%
 33 (77%) 
 

Total: 43

51. 47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?

 20L
 (7%) 
 
 40L
 (12%) 
 
 60L
 (5%) 
 
 80L
 (14%) 
 
 100L
 27 (63%) 
 

Total: 43

52. 48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?

 6 months
 (5%) 
 
 9 months
 39 (91%) 
 
 10 months
 (5%) 
 

Total: 43

53. 49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?

 Fresh milk
 (5%) 
 
 Starter pellets
 (2%) 
 
 Colostrum
 40 (93%) 
 

Total: 43

54. 50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?

 When we see problems
 (12%) 
 
 Today
 37 (86%) 
 
 When government indicates
 (2%) 
 

Total: 43