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1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment? *
2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming *
3. What does veld management principles entail? *
4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation? *
5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment? *
6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants. *
7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain? *
8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy *
9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program? *
10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne? *
11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do *
12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts *
13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease? *
14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management? *
15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep? *
16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases? *
17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity? *
18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer? *
19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities. *
20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA? *
21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa? *
22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming *
23. Climate change is an: *
24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to: *
25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to: *
26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because: *
27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to: *
28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to: *
29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by: *
30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to: *
31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with: *
32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes. *
33. Livestock contributes to climate change *
34. Climate change affects livestock *
35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems *
36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals *
37. Effects of climate change on livestock *
38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production? *
39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective  GHG short term mitigation strategy *
40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies *
41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy *
42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management? *
43. What is a limitation in dairy farming? *
44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change? *
45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?

46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage? *
47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily? *
48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant? *
49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf? *
50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change? *