You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page.
Turn on more accessible mode
Turn off more accessible mode
Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Turn off Animations
Turn on Animations
Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
ARC Vision & Mission
ARC Council Members
ARC Executive Management
ARC Legislative Mandate
ARC Annual Reports
ARC Copyright Material
Agricultural Research Acts
Policy on the Applications of Biotechnology
POPI PAIA Manual
Tax Compliance Status Pin Issued
Workman's Compensation Letter of Good Standing
AP (Irene) Venues for hire
AE (Silverton) Venues for hire
IC (Rustenburg) Venues for hire
Infruitec-Nietvoorbij (Stellenbosch) Venues for hire
TSC (Nelspruit) Venues for hire
OVR (Onderstepoort) Venues for hire
VOP (Roodeplaat) Venues for hire
* Agricultural Engineering News Articles
* Deciduous Fruit Pamphlet Series
* Economic Analysis Reports/Studies/News Articles
* Factsheets on Spiders and Weeds Research
* Grain Crops Factsheets
* Grain Crops News Articles
* National Beef Scheme Newsletters
* PPR, SANSA & SAPIA Newsletters
* Small Grain News Articles
* Small Grain Production Guidelines
* Small Grain Radio Talks
* Tropical and Subtropical Crops Leaflets
* Tropical and Subtropical Crops News Articles
* UMLINDI Newsletters
* Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Leaflets
* Vegetable Production Guidelines
* Soil, Climate and Water News articles and Pamphlets
Training & Advisory Services
Careers at ARC
Human Capital Development Strategy
Choosing the Right Career
Professional & Graduates Development Programmes
How do I apply?
Contact ARC-Corporate Office
Contact ARC-International Relations
Contact Research Campuses
Deciduous Fruit, Vines and Wine
Emerging Pests and Diseases
F3: Fruit Fly Free
Plant Health and Protection
Plant Pathology and Microbiology
Smallholder Agricultural Development/Training
Soil, Climate and Water
Tropical and Subtropical Crops
Vegetable and Ornamental Plants
Justin Thembile Mkukwana
1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?
2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming
3. What does veld management principles entail?
4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?
5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?
b) chemical treatment
6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.
c) Rotational grazing
7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?
8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy
It depends on the objective
9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?
d) All of the above
10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?
e) All of the above
11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do
c) Speak to a qualified forage specialist to find out what species and cultivars to use for their specific requirements
12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts
e A and B
13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?
e) A and D
14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?
g) Decreasing of Greenhouse gas emissions
15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?
16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?
e) A, B and D
17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?
18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?
19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.
20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?
b) Higher rates of survival on poor fodder
21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?
Cross breeding with indigenous breeds
22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming
23. Climate change is an:
c) Overtime change in climate and it variables.
24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:
c) Availability of feed and diseases to animal
25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:
b) High temperature, rainfall and radiation.
26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:
b) C3 need less CO2 than C4 plants.
27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:
a) Long dry season.
28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:
c) Decrease nutrient availability.
29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:
30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:
c) Conserve energy resource.
31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:
b) Quality of feed
32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.
c) Use of aerobic digestion.
33. Livestock contributes to climate change
34. Climate change affects livestock
35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems
36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals
37. Effects of climate change on livestock
g) B,D, E & F
38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?
f) All of the above
39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective GHG short term mitigation strategy
40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies
e) A & B
41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy
42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?
A and C
43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?
44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?
The animal itself
45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?
Poor milk quality
46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?
47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?
48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?
49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?
50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?
Created at 7/16/2021 12:56 PM by
Last modified at 7/16/2021 12:56 PM by