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1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?
a) Determine grazing capacity
2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming
3. What does veld management principles entail?
a) Veld condition assessment; b) determining grazing capacity and stocking rate; c) fodder flow
4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?
a) Anthropogenic,; b) climate change
5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?
a) Diet formulation using woody plants; b) chemical treatment
6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.
b) Continuous grazing
7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?
8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy
9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?
b) To have contingency plans for extended droughts
10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?
b) Choosing the correct cultivar for your conditions; c) Inoculating seeds with Rhizobium; d) Having the correct implements and facilities for harvesting and storing of hay
11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do
c) Speak to a qualified forage specialist to find out what species and cultivars to use for their specific requirements
12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts
a Hydroponic fodder production; c Buying supplements and concentrates; e A and B
13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?
a) Rift valley fever; c) Brucellosis; d) Lumpy skin disease; e) A and D; f) C and B
14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?
a) Decrease in mortality rates.; b) Increase in morbidity rates.; c) Increase in disease reporting.; e) Increase in fertility.
15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?
a) All sheep skin diseases; c) Tuberculosis; e) Anthrax
16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?
a) Rabies; c) Bluetongue; f) A, C and D
17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?
18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?
19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.
20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?
b) Higher rates of survival on poor fodder
21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?
Having less animals
22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming
23. Climate change is an:
b) Change of weather.
24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:
25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:
c) Extreme weather.
26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:
b) C3 need less CO2 than C4 plants.
27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:
a) Long dry season.
28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:
c) Decrease nutrient availability.
29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:
30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:
b) Reduce digestive process.
31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:
b) Quality of feed
32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.
a) Clean the kraal daily.
33. Livestock contributes to climate change
34. Climate change affects livestock
a) Directly; b) Indirectly; c) Both
35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems
36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals
37. Effects of climate change on livestock
a) Increased feed intake; b) Decreased resistance of livestock; d) Increased pathogens, parasites and vectors; e) New diseases
38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?
a) Breeding for more productive animals; c) Use of AI; e) Switching of animal species
39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective GHG short term mitigation strategy
40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies
a) During seasons of heat stress, a solution may be to make use of multi-sire breeding and/or to use of bulls from tropical adapted genotypes, to mitigate possible male infertility; c) Occasional access to water
41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy
42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?
Planning; Risk Management; Monitoring and evaluation
43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?
Cud length; Reliable suppliers; Climate change
44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?
45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?
Reduced water intake
46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?
47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?
48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?
49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?
50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?
When we see problems
Created at 7/16/2021 11:38 AM by
Last modified at 7/16/2021 11:38 AM by