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CSA_Livestock_Assessment

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Name:

Nwabisa Masekwana

Date

7/16/2021

ID Number:

7910060357087

Workplace:

ARC

1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?

a) Determine grazing capacity

2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming

True

3. What does veld management principles entail?

a) Veld condition assessment; b) determining grazing capacity and stocking rate; c) fodder flow

4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?

a) Anthropogenic,; b) climate change

5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?

a) Diet formulation using woody plants; b) chemical treatment

6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.

b) Continuous grazing

7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?

Yes

8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy

No

9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?

b) To have contingency plans for extended droughts

10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?

b) Choosing the correct cultivar for your conditions; c) Inoculating seeds with Rhizobium; d) Having the correct implements and facilities for harvesting and storing of hay

11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do

c) Speak to a qualified forage specialist to find out what species and cultivars to use for their specific requirements

12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts

a Hydroponic fodder production; c Buying supplements and concentrates; e A and B

13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?

a) Rift valley fever; c) Brucellosis; d) Lumpy skin disease; e) A and D; f) C and B

14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?

a) Decrease in mortality rates.; b) Increase in morbidity rates.; c) Increase in disease reporting.; e) Increase in fertility.

15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?

a) All sheep skin diseases; c) Tuberculosis; e) Anthrax

16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?

a) Rabies; c) Bluetongue; f) A, C and D

17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?

True

18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?

a) True

19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.

False

20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?

b) Higher rates of survival on poor fodder

21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?

Having less animals

22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming

a) Livestock

23. Climate change is an:

b) Change of weather.

24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

b) Disease

25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

c) Extreme weather.

26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:

b) C3 need less CO2 than C4 plants.

27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:

a) Long dry season.

28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:

c) Decrease nutrient availability.

29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:

a) 50%

30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:

b) Reduce digestive process.

31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:

b) Quality of feed

32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.

a) Clean the kraal daily.

33. Livestock contributes to climate change

False

34. Climate change affects livestock

a) Directly; b) Indirectly; c) Both

35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems

a) True

36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals

False

37. Effects of climate change on livestock

a) Increased feed intake; b) Decreased resistance of livestock; d) Increased pathogens, parasites and vectors; e) New diseases

38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?

a) Breeding for more productive animals; c) Use of AI; e) Switching of animal species

39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective  GHG short term mitigation strategy

True

40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies

a) During seasons of heat stress, a solution may be to make use of multi-sire breeding and/or to use of bulls from tropical adapted genotypes, to mitigate possible male infertility; c) Occasional access to water

41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy

False

42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?

Planning; Risk Management; Monitoring and evaluation

43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?

Cud length; Reliable suppliers; Climate change

44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?

Fly population

45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?

Reduced water intake

46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?

20%

47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?

80L

48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?

10 months

49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?

Fresh milk

50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?

When we see problems
Created at 7/16/2021 11:38 AM by  
Last modified at 7/16/2021 11:38 AM by