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Name:

Testing Lerato

Date

7/16/2021

ID Number:

160721

Workplace:

Arc co

1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?

c) Improve veld condition

2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming

True

3. What does veld management principles entail?

b) determining grazing capacity and stocking rate

4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?

a) Anthropogenic,

5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?

a) Diet formulation using woody plants

6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.

A. Herding

7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?

No

8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy

Yes

9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?

a) To plan for seasonal feed shortages

10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?

a) Soil condition and preparation

11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do

a) Test all available resources

12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts

a Hydroponic fodder production

13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?

a) Rift valley fever

14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?

a) Decrease in mortality rates.

15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?

a) All sheep skin diseases

16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?

a) Rabies

17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?

False

18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?

a) True

19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.

True

20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?

a) Better heat tolerance

21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?

Importing other breeds

22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming

a) Livestock

23. Climate change is an:

a) Overtime change rain precipitation.

24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

a) Feed

25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

a) Heat exchange

26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:

b) C3 need less CO2 than C4 plants.

27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:

a) Long dry season.

28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:

a) Affect the composition of pasture.

29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:

a) 50%

30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:

a) Adapt in feed scarcity period.

31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:

a) Feed intake

32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.

a) Clean the kraal daily.

33. Livestock contributes to climate change

True

34. Climate change affects livestock

a) Directly

35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems

a) True

36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals

True

37. Effects of climate change on livestock

b) Decreased resistance of livestock

38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?

a) Breeding for more productive animals

39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective  GHG short term mitigation strategy

True

40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies

b) Consider feeding alternative feeds, like shredded scrub (boskos).

41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy

True

42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?

Planning

43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?

Cud length

44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?

The animal itself

45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?

Laziness

46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?

40%

47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?

40L

48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?

6 months

49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?

Starter pellets

50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?

When we see problems
Created at 7/16/2021 9:30 AM by  
Last modified at 7/16/2021 9:30 AM by