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Sandi Sydwell Yeko
Nyandeni LM ,Libode- O.R.Tambo
1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?
a) Determine grazing capacity
2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming
3. What does veld management principles entail?
c) fodder flow
4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?
b) climate change
5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?
a) Diet formulation using woody plants
6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.
c) Rotational grazing
7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?
8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy
9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?
a) To plan for seasonal feed shortages
10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?
e) All of the above
11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do
b) Find out what is the highest producing forage
12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts
e A and B
13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?
f) C and B
14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?
g) Decreasing of Greenhouse gas emissions
15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?
a) All sheep skin diseases
16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?
e) A, B and D
17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?
18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?
19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.
20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?
d) Crossbreeding can’t improve cow productivity
21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?
Cross breeding with indigenous breeds
22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming
23. Climate change is an:
c) Overtime change in climate and it variables.
24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:
c) Availability of feed and diseases to animal
25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:
c) Extreme weather.
26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:
a) C3 need more CO2 than C4 grasses.
27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:
a) Long dry season.
28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:
c) Decrease nutrient availability.
29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:
30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:
a) Adapt in feed scarcity period.
31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:
b) Quality of feed
32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.
b) Keep few number of animals.
33. Livestock contributes to climate change
34. Climate change affects livestock
35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems
36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals
37. Effects of climate change on livestock
g) B,D, E & F
38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?
e) Switching of animal species
39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective GHG short term mitigation strategy
40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies
b) Consider feeding alternative feeds, like shredded scrub (boskos).
41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy
42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?
A and C
43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?
C and D
44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?
The animal itself
45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?
Poor milk quality
46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?
47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?
48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?
49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?
50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?
When we see problems
Created at 7/16/2021 1:05 PM by
Last modified at 7/16/2021 1:05 PM by