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Name:

Theko Ngejane

Date

7/11/2021

ID Number:

7601115713081

Workplace:

Qumbu

1. What are the fundamental reasons for conducting veld condition assessment?

d) All

2. Good veld management important for profitable livestock farming

True

3. What does veld management principles entail?

d) all

4. What are some of the causes of veld degradation?

c) All

5. What is the ecological friendly way of managing bush encroachment?

b) chemical treatment

6. What are some options in grazing system to manage challenges faced by farmers e.g. increaser species, problem plants.

c) Rotational grazing

7. Is there a relationship between veld condition score and animal weight gain?

Yes

8. Can you recommend fire as a veld management strategy

It depends on the objective

9. Why should farmers implement a well-planned fodder flow program?

d) All of the above

10. What are the main requirements for planting Lucerne?

e) All of the above

11. Before choosing a forage species or cultivar within a species, what should a farmer always do

c) Speak to a qualified forage specialist to find out what species and cultivars to use for their specific requirements

12. What cost effective fodder options are available for farmers to deal with feed shortages during extended droughts

e A and B

13. Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?

e) A and D

14. Which of the following are not benefits of disease and pest management?

g) Decreasing of Greenhouse gas emissions

15. Which of the following is not a controlled disease in sheep?

f) Bluetongue

16. Which of the following are zoonotic diseases?

e) A, B and D

17. Is it necessary to align breeding season with biomass productivity?

True

18. Breeding priorities may differ from farmer to farmer?

a) True

19. Understanding the farming context and the production system will enable the farmer to make climate smart decisions on how best he/she can address their breeding priorities.

True

20. What are the advantages of cross-breeding in relation CSA?

b) Higher rates of survival on poor fodder

21. What could be the answer to the current dominant dairy breeds used in dairy farming in South Africa?

Cross breeding with indigenous breeds

22. What is the most critical factor in livestock farming

c) soil

23. Climate change is an:

c) Overtime change in climate and it variables.

24. In-direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

c) Availability of feed and diseases to animal

25. Direct effect of climate change to livestock relates to:

b) High temperature, rainfall and radiation.

26. C3 and C4 grasses will respond differently to the increase of atmospheric CO2 because:

b) C3 need less CO2 than C4 plants.

27. The combination of increasing temperature and precipitation variation will leads to:

a) Long dry season.

28. Combination of increasing CO2 and temperature will lead to:

c) Decrease nutrient availability.

29. Under heat stress small stock (sheep) reduces rumination by:

b) 76%

30. Goats known to reduces their metabolic processes during the period of feed scarcity in order to:

c) Conserve energy resource.

31. Enteric methane emission from animal is associated with:

b) Quality of feed

32. Most effective mitigation practices on manure includes.

a) Clean the kraal daily.

33. Livestock contributes to climate change

True

34. Climate change affects livestock

c) Both

35. Climate change does not affects ecosystems

b) False

36. While livestock represents about 65% of the livestock sector’s emissions. This varies according to various production systems i.e. intensive vs extensive, beef vs dairy etc. However, climate smart adaptation initiatives can result in fewer and more efficient animals

False

37. Effects of climate change on livestock

g) B,D, E & F

38. What are the various ways to mitigate /lower methane production?

e) Switching of animal species

39. Reducing animal numbers is an effective  GHG short term mitigation strategy

False

40. Short term GHG mitigation strategies

e) A & B

41. Early culling is a: Short term mitigation strategy

True

42. Choose the correct key element needed for good management?

A and C

43. What is a limitation in dairy farming?

C and D

44. What aspect in dairy farming, other than feed production is severely affected by climate change?

The animal itself

45. Name one effect observed in the dairy cow when exposed to excessive heat?

Poor milk quality

46. How much of a cows diet should consist of roughage?

70%

47. How much water can a mature dairy cow consume daily?

60L

48. How many months is a dairy cow pregnant?

9 months

49. What is the most important feed given to a newborn calf?

Colostrum

50. When should we start to manage the limitation of climate change?

Today
Created at 7/16/2021 12:57 PM by  
Last modified at 7/16/2021 12:57 PM by